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Cytokine Antibodies

Cytokines are small proteins secreted by immune cells to communicate and alter the actions of other immune cells. They can be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory, thus promoting or inhibiting the proliferation and functions of other immune cells. Cytokines are often called by other names depending mostly on the cell that produces them or on their biological functions. Lymphokines are produced by lymphocytes, monokines are released by monocytes, and interleukins are produced in one leukocyte but act on other leukocytes. Chemokines have chemotactic roles, which include the activation and migration of leukocytes. Different immune cells can secrete the same cytokine, while the same cytokine can act on several immune cells. Cytokines can act in an autocrine, paracrine or endocrine manner, and often the secretion of one cytokine promotes secretion of additional cytokines in the other immune cells.

Cytokines are produced by most immune cells, including B-cells and T-cells, natural killer cells (NK cells), monocytes, and predominantly macrophages and T-helper cells (TH cells). Pro-inflammatory cytokines are secreted mostly by macrophages, and are involved in mediating inflammatory responses as well as in nerve sensitization and induction of pain. Some inflammatory cytokines include tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). TNF-alpha is a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine that exerts its actions through two cell surface receptors, tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2), and can induce apoptosis and cell death, promote proliferation and differentiation of certain cells and mediate inflammation and pain. Anti-inflammatory cytokines control and inhibit inflammatory responses, and include interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-11 (IL-11), and interleukin-13 (IL-13). Other cytokines, such as transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) can act as pro- or anti-inflammatory depending on the biological context. Certain nonimmune cells, such as endothelial cells and fibroblasts, can also secrete cytokines in response to injury, infection and inflammation.
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CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A55423-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A55423-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55423-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A55426-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55426-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A55425-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55425-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
CCL16 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A55424-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55424-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IF, IHC
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A52218-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A52218-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52218-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IF
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human, Mouse
Trial Size Available: Yes
A51954-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A51954-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51954-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IF, IHC, WB
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A51548-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A51548-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51548-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A51957-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51957-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A51545-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51545-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A52221-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52221-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A51956-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51956-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A51546-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51546-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A52220-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52220-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A52219-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52219-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
CCL2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A51547-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51547-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
Ccl2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A51955-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A51955-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IHC
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A53746-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A53746-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53746-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53743-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53743-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53744-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53744-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
CCL21 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Immunology & Inflammation
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53745-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53745-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Result Pages: [<< Prev]   1  2  3  4  5 ...  [Next >>]  Displaying 21 to 40 (of 520 products)
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