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Protein Metabolism Antibodies

Protein metabolism involves the synthesis of amino acids and proteins and the breakdown of proteins. Dietary proteins are an essential source of amino acids necessary for protein synthesis, as the body is not able to synthesize all twenty amino acids. The breakdown of dietary proteins into amino acids begins in the stomach with the secretion of pepsin and hydrochloric acid, which promote protein denaturation and breakdown into smaller polypeptides and individual amino acids. Other enzymes secreted by the pancreas, like trypsin and chymotrypsin also participate in protein breakdown. The amino acids can then be transported into cells, and used to synthesize protein, or can be further broken down to remove the amino group by deamination. During deamination, the amino group gets broken down into ammonia, which is excreted, and the carbon skeleton, which has several fates. The carbon skeleton of the ketogenic amino acids produce acetyl-CoA and other derivatives, which can enter the citric acid cycle, or produce fatty acids; while the glucogenic amino acids produce pyruvate and other carbon intermediates which can be converted to glucose, or converted to fatty acids or glycogen for storage.

Bacteria and plants can synthesize all twenty amino acids, while humans cannot synthesize all twenty. Nine amino acids cannot be synthesized by humans and are called the essential amino acids, which should be obtained from dietary sources. The other eleven amino acids can be synthesized by the body and are called the non-essential amino acids. Their synthesis is catalyzed by six different routes, depending on their precursor. The precursors include oxaloacetate, PEP, alpha-ketoglutarate, pyruvate, 3-phosphoglycerate, and ribose-5P, and some amino acids after synthesized serve as precursors for others. The carbon skeletons necessary to synthesize proteins derive from intermediates of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and the pentose phosphate pathway. A source of nitrogen is necessary for amino acid synthesis, which is contributed by glutamate and glutamine. The alpha-amino group from glutamate is transferred to to an alpha-ketoacid acceptor in a transamination reaction.
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AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IHC
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A53444-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A53444-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53444-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53441-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53441-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53442-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53442-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
AOX1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A53443-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A53443-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APEH Polyclonal Antibody
APEH Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IF, IHC, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human, Mouse
Trial Size Available: Yes
A62086-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A62086-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A62086-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A62089-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A62089-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A62088-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A62088-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
APEH Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A62087-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A62087-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
Trial Size Available: Yes
A52772-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A52772-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52772-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52769-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52769-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52770-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52770-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
APX1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52771-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52771-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
Trial Size Available: Yes
A52937-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A52937-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52937-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52940-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52940-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52939-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52939-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
APX2 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana
A52938-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A52938-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IP
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
Trial Size Available: Yes
A58114-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A58114-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58114-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A58115-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58115-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A58116-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58116-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
Arg1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Mouse
A58117-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58117-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
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