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Introduction to Epigenetics

Protein Metabolism Antibodies

Protein metabolism involves the synthesis of amino acids and proteins and the breakdown of proteins. Dietary proteins are an essential source of amino acids necessary for protein synthesis, as the body is not able to synthesize all twenty amino acids. The breakdown of dietary proteins into amino acids begins in the stomach with the secretion of pepsin and hydrochloric acid, which promote protein denaturation and breakdown into smaller polypeptides and individual amino acids. Other enzymes secreted by the pancreas, like trypsin and chymotrypsin also participate in protein breakdown. The amino acids can then be transported into cells, and used to synthesize protein, or can be further broken down to remove the amino group by deamination. During deamination, the amino group gets broken down into ammonia, which is excreted, and the carbon skeleton, which has several fates. The carbon skeleton of the ketogenic amino acids produce acetyl-CoA and other derivatives, which can enter the citric acid cycle, or produce fatty acids; while the glucogenic amino acids produce pyruvate and other carbon intermediates which can be converted to glucose, or converted to fatty acids or glycogen for storage.

Bacteria and plants can synthesize all twenty amino acids, while humans cannot synthesize all twenty. Nine amino acids cannot be synthesized by humans and are called the essential amino acids, which should be obtained from dietary sources. The other eleven amino acids can be synthesized by the body and are called the non-essential amino acids. Their synthesis is catalyzed by six different routes, depending on their precursor. The precursors include oxaloacetate, PEP, alpha-ketoglutarate, pyruvate, 3-phosphoglycerate, and ribose-5P, and some amino acids after synthesized serve as precursors for others. The carbon skeletons necessary to synthesize proteins derive from intermediates of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and the pentose phosphate pathway. A source of nitrogen is necessary for amino acid synthesis, which is contributed by glutamate and glutamine. The alpha-amino group from glutamate is transferred to to an alpha-ketoacid acceptor in a transamination reaction.
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AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IHC, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A56783-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A56783-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A56783-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A56786-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A56786-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A56785-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A56785-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
AASDHPPT Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A56784-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A56784-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IHC, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human, Mouse
Trial Size Available: Yes
A68138-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A68138-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A68138-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A68141-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A68141-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A68140-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A68140-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
ACAD8 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A68139-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A68139-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IF, IHC
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism, Signal Transduction
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Bovine
Trial Size Available: Yes
A55190-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A55190-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55190-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA, IF, IHC, IP, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism, Signal Transduction
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Bovine
A55187-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55187-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA, IHC, IP, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism, Signal Transduction
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Bovine
A55188-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55188-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
ACHE Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA, IHC, IP, WB
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism, Signal Transduction
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Bovine
A55189-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A55189-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADO Polyclonal Antibody
ADO Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA, IHC
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A70075-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A70075-05050 µg $249.00 Add to Cart
A70075-100100 µg $399.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A70078-05050 µg $249.00 Add to Cart
A70078-100100 µg $399.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A70077-05050 µg $249.00 Add to Cart
A70077-100100 µg $399.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
ADO Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A70076-05050 µg $249.00 Add to Cart
A70076-100100 µg $399.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Unconjugated
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
Trial Size Available: Yes
A58030-02020 µg $59.00 Add to Cart
A58030-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58030-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, Biotin Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: Biotin
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A58031-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58031-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, FITC Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: FITC
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A58032-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58032-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated
ADPRHL1 Polyclonal Antibody, HRP Conjugated

Application: ELISA
Areas of Research: Cell Metabolism
Clonality: Polyclonal
Conjugate: HRP
Host: Rabbit
Isotype: IgG
Purification: >95%, Protein G Purified
Reactivity: Human
A58033-05050 µg $256.00 Add to Cart
A58033-100100 µg $359.00 Add to Cart
Antibodies
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